An In-depth Study of How Rahim Shah Learned to Speak English and Persian Better Than His Native Language: An Explanatory Case Study

https://doi.org/10.36892/ijlls.v4i3.990

Authors

  • Ghulam Yahya Asghari Assistant Professor of English Literature and Head of English Department at Ghazni University
  • Rahimullah Ramish Assistant Professor and Dean of Languages and Literature Faculty, Ghazni University, Ghazni, Afghanistan
  • Ali Akbar Zawuli Assistant Professor of English Literature and Head of Persian Department at Ghazni University

Keywords:

behaviorism, Native Language, Second Language, Foreign Language, Learning Style, Motivation .

Abstract

This mixed-methods case study explores how Rahim Shah learned to speak English and Persian much more fluently than his native language (Pashto). In this study, different aspects of the subject- including his personality, language learning style, language learning history, oral and written language skills- are analyzed to seek patterns and causes of behavior. Accordingly, attempts have been made in this paper to enlighten his exposure to three languages, Pashto (native), Persian (second) and English (foreign). The results drew that he speaks Persian much more confident than his native language mainly because his parents moved to a Persian-speaking community when he was a child of three years old. This makes it clear that non-native speakers use their knowledge of the new language through interaction with others. The results also recovered that he learned how to speak English better than his native language mainly because he was intrinsically motivated, knowing the positive consequences of learning English. In addition to his high motivation, he consistently listened to native speakers as he spent three years with Americans. Therefore, this case study embraces nearly all the aspects of how Rahim Shah managed to speak English and Persian, and how he failed to speak his native language.

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Author Biographies

Ghulam Yahya Asghari, Assistant Professor of English Literature and Head of English Department at Ghazni University

Ghulam Yahya Asghari (born May 10th, 1989, Ghazni, Afghanistan) is the head and Assistant Professor of English Language and Literature at Ghazni University, Ghazni, Afghanistan. In 2019, he received his MA in English Language and Literature from University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran. In 2012, he received his BA in English Language and Literature from Herat University, Herat, Afghanistan. In 2007, he completed his secondary education at Doctor Zubair Shahid High School. His research interests lie in the area of British and American Literatures, Cultural Studies, Comparative Literature and Literary Criticism.

Rahimullah Ramish, Assistant Professor and Dean of Languages and Literature Faculty, Ghazni University, Ghazni, Afghanistan

Rahimullah Ramish was born on May 26th 1987 in Ghazni, Afghanistan. He is the dean of languages and literature faculty at Ghazni University, Ghazni Afghanistan. He received a master’s degree in TESOL from Shaheed Prof. Rabbani Education University, Kabul. He got his bachelor’s degree in English language and literature from Kabul University, Kabul Afghanistan. His research interests lie in the area of teaching English, cultural studies and comparative literature.

Ali Akbar Zawuli, Assistant Professor of English Literature and Head of Persian Department at Ghazni University

  1. Ali Akbar Zawuli was born on Mar 16th, 1989 in Ghazni Province of Afghanistan. In 2008, he completed his high school education at Doctor Zubair Shahid High School. In 2012, he got his BA in Perian Language and Literature from Kabul University, Kabul, Afghanistan. In 2015, he got his MA in Persian Language and Literature from University of Kabul, Kabul, Afghanistan. Currently, he is working as head and Assistant Professor of Perisan literature at Ghazni University, Ghazni, Afghanistan. His research interest lies in the area of Literary Criticism and Comparative Literature.

Published

2022-08-05

How to Cite

Asghari, G. Y., Ramish, R. ., & Zawuli, A. A. (2022). An In-depth Study of How Rahim Shah Learned to Speak English and Persian Better Than His Native Language: An Explanatory Case Study. International Journal of Language and Literary Studies, 4(3), 95–108. https://doi.org/10.36892/ijlls.v4i3.990