Engineering Students' EFL Needs at the Tertiary Level of Education in Bangladesh: Expectations and Existence

https://doi.org/10.36892/ijlls.v3i2.542

Authors

  • Md. Habibur Rahman Bangladesh Army International University of Science and Technology (BAIUST), Cumilla Cantonment, Cumilla
  • Md. Musrifur Jelane Begum Rokeya University, Rangpur (BRUR)

Keywords:

needs analysis, engineering, tertiary, mixed approach, language skills

Abstract

Conducting needs analysis is a prevalent phenomenon in designing curriculum in language teaching and learning. This paper explored the English language needs of engineering students at the tertiary level of education in Bangladesh vis-à-vis four basic language skills. Moreover, this paper tried to shed some light on the gaps between learners’ present level of competence and target needs. This study followed the mixed approach (both quantitative approach and qualitative approach) to collect data through questionnaires, semi-structured interviews, and focus group discussions. Under the random stratified sampling method, the study collected data from 99 undergraduate engineering students and 15 EFL teachers from different universities in Bangladesh. The findings of the study revealed that engineering students felt the ardent need for all the four major language skills (listening, speaking, reading, and writing). The findings also addressed the needs of the subskills regarding each language skill. Additionally, the offered courses were not adequately addressing the language needs of the students. Moreover, the duration and number of English language classes were not sufficient to meet the needs of the engineering students. Based on the findings, this study made some recommendations to minimize the gaps between engineering students’ present and target needs of the English language.

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Author Biographies

Md. Habibur Rahman, Bangladesh Army International University of Science and Technology (BAIUST), Cumilla Cantonment, Cumilla

Md. Habibur Rahman is a Lecturer at the Department of English, Bangladesh Army International University of Science and Technology (BAIUST), Cumilla Cantonment, Cumilla, Bangladesh. He completed his MA in Applied Linguistics and ELT and BA (Hons.) in English from the Department of English, Jahangirnagar University, Bangladesh. His research interests include curriculum development, ESL/EFL acquisition/learning, technology in education, language teaching methodologies and stylistics. E-mail: habib.rahman.ju@gmail.com; Cell: 01723-885760.

Md. Musrifur Jelane , Begum Rokeya University, Rangpur (BRUR)

Md. Musrifur Jelane is a Lecturer at the Department of English, Begum Rokeya University, Rangpur (BRUR), Bangladesh. He completed his MA in Applied Linguistics and ELT and BA (Hons.) in English from the Department of English, Jahangirnagar University. His areas of interest in research include EFL/ESL syllabus design, curriculum development, language teaching methodologies, and post method pedagogy. E-mail: musrifur@gmail.com; Cell: 01838-778781.

Published

2021-06-29

How to Cite

Md. Habibur Rahman, & Md. Musrifur Jelane. (2021). Engineering Students’ EFL Needs at the Tertiary Level of Education in Bangladesh: Expectations and Existence . International Journal of Language and Literary Studies, 3(2), 114–126. https://doi.org/10.36892/ijlls.v3i2.542

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Articles