Developing Reading Competencies of College Students Using Blended Instruction


  • Katherine Akut Bukidnon State University
  • Hazel Jean M. Abejuela Bukidnon State University, Malaybalay City, Philippines


blended learning, hypertext reading, 21st century learning, reading competencies


Developing 21st-century reading competencies is one of the primary concerns of higher education institutions (HEIs). Initiatives have been undertaken to prepare the learners to function effectively in this technology-driven society. Hence, academic institutions integrate technology and the Internet in the teaching-learning processes. This study intends to determine the effectiveness of instructional material on developing reading competencies using blended instruction. Dziuban, Hartman and Moskal, (2004) define blended instruction as a pedagogical approach that integrates the effectiveness and socialization opportunities of the classroom with the technologically enhanced active learning possibilities of the online environment. Six lessons were implemented in the English 107 – College Reading Skills classes. The learners were provided with hypertext reading activities, individual and collaborative tasks, online discussions, online surveys and other extension activities which provided them with the opportunity to communicate their ideas on the topics discussed in class. To determine the effectiveness of the lessons, a one-group pretest and post-test design was used.  The pre-test and post-test scores were compared using the paired t-test. Findings reveal that the students performed better after the implementation of the lessons in developing reading competencies using blended instruction. Moreover, the majority of the students said that the lessons are interesting, meaningful, useful and enjoyable. It can be concluded that blended instruction effectively develops the students’ reading competencies.


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Author Biographies

Katherine Akut, Bukidnon State University

Katherine B. Akut holds a degree in Master of Arts in English Language Teaching and Bachelor of Secondary Education major in English from Bukidnon State University where is also currently working as a lecturer of undergraduate and graduate courses She is currently a PhD English Language candidate at the University of San Jose-Recoletos, Cebu City. Her areas of interest are instructional materials development, syntax and morphology, and pragmatics.  

Hazel Jean M. Abejuela, Bukidnon State University, Malaybalay City, Philippines

Hazel Jean M. Abejuela holds a Doctor of Philosophy in Applied Linguistics from De La Salle University-Manila and a master’s degree in English Language Teaching from Bukidnon State University. She teaches undergraduate and graduate courses including English for Academic and Professional Communication. She is an active researcher in the field of English and Applied Linguistics with interests in English for Specific Purposes, Discourse Analysis and Ethnolinguistic Studies.   



How to Cite

Akut, K., & Abejuela, H. J. M. . (2020). Developing Reading Competencies of College Students Using Blended Instruction. International Journal of Language and Literary Studies, 2(3), 230–239.