THE PRAGMATIC USE OF VERISIMILITUDE IN SELECTED INTERACTIONS BETWEEN TERMINALLY-ILL PATIENTS AND THEIR CAREGIVERS

https://doi.org/10.36892/ijlls.v2i3.322

Authors

  • Oluwafemi Bolanle Jolaoso Lead City University, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
  • Ezekiel Opeyemi Olajimbiti Federal University Lokoja, Kogi State, Nigeria

Keywords:

Keywords: Verisimilitude, Terminally-ill Patients, Psychotherapeutic Context, MCB, Healing Process

Abstract

Concealment, an act of intentionally withholding information for some purposes, is considered to be often employed by caregivers to veil the terminal status of the patients. This paper therefore investigates the pragmatics of concealment in interactions between terminally-ill patients and their caregivers as it relates to psychotherapeutic process; thereby complementing existing studies which have largely captured attitudes, strategies and structures of such discourses. Seven interactions, capturing cancer, heart disease and kidney failure, were collected through tape-recording and participants’ observation at University College Hospital, Ibadan, between February and August, 2016. These were transcribed and analysed using convergence aspect of Gile’s Communication Accommodation Theory. Findings show that concealment in this discourse pragmatically configures psychotherapeutic context which bifurcates into palliative psychotherapy and cognitive-behavioural therapy. Palliative psychotherapy, through shared situational knowledge and mutual contextual belief, raises hope of recovery and dislodges fear of death. Cognitive-behavioural therapy, through shared cultural knowledge, facilitates compliance and support in the healing process. The aforementioned findings resonate that the use of concealment in therapeutic discourse psychologically changes the underlying thoughts that contribute to mental depression and modifies the problematic behaviours that result from these thoughts

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Author Biographies

Oluwafemi Bolanle Jolaoso, Lead City University, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

Oluwafemi Bolanle JOLAOSO is a full-time lecturer in the Department of English and Literary Studies, Lead City University, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria, where he teaches a number of courses at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. He holds a Ph.D. English of the University of Ibadan, Nigeria. His areas of teaching and research interest include Discourse Analysis, Pragmatics, Sociolinguistics, Stylistics, Semantics and Comparative Literature.

Ezekiel Opeyemi Olajimbiti, Federal University Lokoja, Kogi State, Nigeria

Ezekiel Opeyemi Olajimbiti (PhD) teaches in the Department of English and Literary Studies, Federal University Lokoja, Kogi State, Nigeria. He is a member of professional bodies such as Pragmatics Association of Nigeria (PrAN), English Scholars’ Association of Nigeria (ESAN) and others. He specialises in children’s representation in the media, media studies and political discourse. He has published in reputable journals. His research interest covers pragmatics, discourse analysis, semantics and sociolinguistics.

Published

2020-09-18

How to Cite

Jolaoso, O., & Olajimbiti, E. (2020). THE PRAGMATIC USE OF VERISIMILITUDE IN SELECTED INTERACTIONS BETWEEN TERMINALLY-ILL PATIENTS AND THEIR CAREGIVERS . International Journal of Language and Literary Studies, 2(3), 80-93. https://doi.org/10.36892/ijlls.v2i3.322